In this example I’m using Ubuntu 14.04 and will install Ansible and the modules to configure Cisco devices using SNMP.
Update machine, install pip and install Ansible using pip along with Nelsnmp which is used by the Ansible modules:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt-get install python-pip sudo apt-get install python-dev sudo pip install ansible sudo pip install nelsnmp sudo apt-get install git git clone https://github.com/networklore/ansible-cisco-snmp.git cd ansible-cisco-snmp
sudo mkdir -p /etc/ansible sudo vi /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg
Enter this in the file, where the library variable points to the the location where you downloaded ansible-cisco-snmp to.
[defaults] library = /home/patrick/ansible-cisco-snmp/library
Now you can modify the example Playbooks or create your own playbooks.
To setup SNMPv3 on your devices you can use this config where the access-list allows you to restrict access so that you can only connect from one ip address to actually change the device configuration.
ip access-list standard ACL-ANSIBLE-HOST permit host 172.29.50.50 snmp-server view V3ISO iso included snmp-server group ANSIBLEGRP v3 priv write V3ISO snmp-server user ansible ANSIBLEGRP v3 auth sha AuthPassword123 priv aes 128 PrivPassword123 access ACL-ANSIBLE-HOST
Since these Cisco devices doesn’t have Python installed and we can’t gather facts the way Ansible normally does we need to disable this in our playbooks with “gather_facts: no”. Also normally Ansible copies the module file to the remove machine and it is run at that location, this isn’t the case with these modules. So the modules must be run locally, this can be done by defining this in a playbook with “connection: local”.
When updates to the modules are released you might have to upgrade nelsnmp. To download the newer versions of the actual module files you can just issue a “git pull” in your ansible-cisco-snmp directory.
sudo pip install nelsnmp --upgrade
The documentation which describe how to actually use the modules themselves is located in the docs directory over at GitHub.